University of New Mexico, USA Abstract The growing multicultural nature of education and training environments makes it critical that instructors and instructional designers, especially those working in online learning environments, develop skills to deliver culturally sensitive and culturally adaptive instruction. This article explores research into cultural differences to identify those dimensions of culture that are most likely to impact instructional situations. It presents these in the cultural dimensions of learning framework CDLFwhich describes a set of eight cultural parameters regarding social relationships, epistemological beliefs, and temporal perceptions, and illustrates their spectrums of variability as they might be exhibited in instructional situations.
The moths were reported daily in starting at the end of May. One of the more interesting aspects of the Black Witch is its ability to migrate great distances even over open water. In September large nocturnal moth migrations including Black Witches were reported Russell as regular occurrences on several oil platforms off the coast of Louisiana.
Liz Deluna reported five dead Black Witches floating on the water throughout a pelagic trip on 20 July approximately 80 miles east of Brownsville.
Williams reported one captured on a ship about miles south-southeast of Rio de Janeiro and two others on separate occasions 2, miles east of South America.
Van Noort reports Black Witches reaching Africa. They have even made their way to all the main Hawaiian Islands. How these moths behave in the fall is not well known. In Texas, many tropical butterflies annually stray north from Mexico in September and October.
Favorable conditions for Mexican strays in the fall include milder temperatures, continuing southerly winds, and higher rainfall which induces caterpillar food plants to put on fresh growth.
Also many plants have a fall bloom period, e. That the relatively high number of September Black Witches in Louisiana may have come from the north is suggested by the Black Witches reported Russell as regular occurrences in September on several oil platforms off the coast of Louisiana.
Most moths migrate at high elevations Walker and thus they would understandably overshoot the coast if heading south though Louisiana in September. See Journey North data for Fall ofand Of the four moths photographed, the three most visible are quite fresh.
Perhaps we can get more insight into this question during the current outbreak year. In Comparison to the Monarch Migration The Monarch migration differs from that of the Black Witch in a number of fundamental ways, in terms of where they go, what they do and how long they live in winter as well as the timing and the condition of the individuals passing through Texas.
The worn Monarchs that trickle north through Texas starting in mid-March are in fact the remnant survivors of the millions of individuals that migrated south through Texas then in fairly fresh condition the previous fall.
Monarchs overwinter in diapause a hibernation-like state in formerly remote colonies in the central highland forests east of Mexico City. Adult Monarchs of the overwintering generation can live a staggering eight months.
Black Witches by contrast, breed year round in overlapping generations. Their adult life stage is thought to last three to four weeks. The moths that fly north out of Mexico and south Texas in June are primarily in fresh condition, though some are worn to quite worn.
Lepidopterans with torn wings barely able to fly are known as "rags. The moth by contrast, has no specific overwintering sites in California or in Mexico. They migrate north out of Mexico in a broad swath.
The greatest push northward in appears to be up the Great Plains States: Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas and Nebraska.
The later start date for the moth may in part be due to the fact that the moth migrates at night when the temperatures are on average 20 dF cooler.
If the Black Witch migrates at high altitudes as suggested by Walkerthen depending on how high, the temperature should be significantly cooler than at ground level. Related Migratory Moths At least 12 other North American moths in the Owlet family Noctuidae are migratory, most of which are agricultural pests such as like the Beet and Fall Armyworms, Corn Earworms, and Black Cutworms so called because they clip off young plants near the ground.
The Owl Moth has been recorded in Canada 12 times. There are no confirmed White Witch records for the U. Hurricane ClaudetteStorms often influence the movement of insects EngelhardtNeck Operationally defined, cultural competence is the integration and transformation of knowledge about individuals and groups of people into specific standards, policies, practices, and attitudes used in appropriate cultural settings to increase the quality of services, .
international strategy and cross-cultural management, in the German academic context. Our first two contributions, the ones by Ghauri et al. and by Ates & Prange, share more than one similarity.
Decision-making is a mental activity which is an integral part of planning and action taking in a variety of contexts and at a vast range of levels, including, but not limited to, budget planning, education planning, policy making, and climbing the career ladder.
People all over the world engage in these activities. The underlying cross-cultural differences in decision-making . Cross-cultural trait psychologists argue that weaker tendencies to self-enhance (and perhaps even tendencies to self-criticize) in self-descriptions.
Attempts to test these hypothe- more extensive comparison, is Dweck’s () implicit entity theory construct. The effect of personality traits on private brand consumer tendencies: A cross-cultural study of Mediterranean countries. ). For this reason, we attempted to assess the level of measurement equivalence.
Our results suggest that a cross-cultural comparison of the consumer behaviours investigated is justified. However, there was no. Cross-Cultural Psychology Definition “Cross-cultural psychology is concerned with the systematic study of behavior and experience as it occurs in different cultures, is influenced by culture, or results in changes in existing cultures” (Triandis.