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At the time of Columbus' arrival inthe island's territory consisted of five chiefdoms: On Columbus' second voyage in the colony of La Isabela was built on the northeast shore.
Isabela nearly failed because of hunger and disease. In Santo Domingo was built and became the new capital. Here the New World's first cathedral was erected, and for a few decades Santo Domingo was also the administrative heart of the expanding empire.
Shooting arrows and wounding a few Spaniards, the Tainos halted the invaders' collection of provisions for Columbus's return trip to Spain. Caonabo struck again when his forces attacked and burned a Political corruption is destroying the dominican built by Columbus, killing forty Spaniards.
During the last trip of Christopher Columbus, inthe Taino leader Guarionex, supported by Caonabo and other Taino leaders, staged the battle of La Vega Real against the Spanish in But while more than ten thousand Tainos fought against the Spanish, they succumbed to the power of the Spanish weaponry.
When Guarionex attacked the Spanish again, inboth he and Caonabo were caught by the Spanish and both shipped to Spain; on the journey Caonabo died—according to legend, of rage—and Guarionex drowned.
His wife, Anacaonamoved to the Xaragua division, where her brother, Bohechio, was cacique. After Bohechio's death, she became cacique and subsequently extended refuge and assistance to runaway enslaved Tainos and Africans.
Into this land of meek outcasts there came some Spaniards who immediately behaved like ravening wild beasts, wolves, tigers or lions that had been starved for many days. And Spaniards have behaved in no other way during the past forty years, down to the present time, for they are still acting like ravening beasts, killing, terrorizing, afflicting, torturing, and destroying the native peoples, doing all this with the strangest and most varied new methods of cruelty.
In Antonio de Montesinos denounced the abuses against the indigenous people Hundreds of thousands Tainos living on the island were enslaved to work in gold mines. As a consequence of disease, forced labor, famine, and mass killings, byonly 60, were still alive.
The first enslaved blacks were purchased in Lisbon, Portugal. Some had been transported there from the West African Guinea coast, and others had been born and raised in Portugal or Spain.
Eight years later African-born slaves arrived in the West Indies. Many of the Africans brutally jammed into the slave ships had been the losers in Africa's endemic and endless wars. Others were kidnapped from the coast or taken from villages inland.
Sugar cane was introduced to Hispaniola from the Canary Islandsand the first sugar mill in the New World was established inon Hispaniola. The sugar mill owners soon formed a new colonial elite, and convinced the Spanish king to allow them to elect the members of the Real Audiencia from their ranks.
Poorer colonists subsisted by hunting the herds of wild cattle that roamed throughout the island and selling their hides.
The enslaved population numbered between twenty and thirty thousand in the mid-sixteenth century and included mine, plantation, cattle ranch, and domestic laborers. A small Spanish ruling class of about twelve hundred monopolized political and economic power, and it used ordenanzas laws and violence to control the population of color.
Ina guerrilla war between the colonizers and Taino and African forces was initiated by the Taino leader Enriquillo. Descending from the Bahoruco Mountains with his troops, Enriquillo killed Spaniards, devastated farms and property, and took Africans back with him.
The crown appointed General Francisco Barrionuevoa veteran of many battles in Spain, as captain to lead the war against Enriquillo. Barrionuevo opted to negotiate, realizing that violence had not worked and that resources for more armed actions were scarce.
In he met Enriquillo on what is today's Cabrito Island, in the middle of Lake Jaragua now Enriquillo Lake and reached a peace agreement that granted Enriquillo and his troops freedom and land. The first known armed rebellion of enslaved Africans occurred in According to official records, they stopped next at the Ocoa plantation, with the intention of killing more whites and recruiting more enslaved blacks and Indians, then moved on to Azua.
Columbus's army confronted the rebels at the Nizao, the Spanish shooting at them with guns and the rebels responding by throwing stones and logs. Five days later the Spanish attacked again. They caught several rebels, whom they executed by lynching along the colonial road, but many more had escaped to face later attacks, in which more were killed or apprehended.
By the mid-sixteenth century there were an estimated seven thousand maroons runaway slaves beyond Spanish control on Hispaniola. The Bahoruco Mountains were their main area of concentration, although Africans had escaped to other areas of the island as well.
From their refuges, they descended to attack the Spanish.
In the slave Diego de Guzman led an insurrection that swept through the San Juan de la Maguana area, after which he escaped to the Bahoruco Mountains. After his capture, de Guzman was savagely killed and some of his fellow rebels were burned alive, others burned with branding irons, others hung, and others had their feet cut off.The recorded history of the Dominican Republic began when the Genoa-born navigator Christopher Columbus, working for the Spanish Crown, happened upon a large island in the region of the western Atlantic Ocean that later came to be known as the srmvision.com was inhabited by the Taíno, an Arawakan people, who variously called their island Ayiti, Bohio, or Quisqueya (Kiskeya).
reddit's free speech political subreddit. no agenda, no rules, reddit's opposite day. Greatest corruption scandal in the Dominican Republic is happening right now. International and local press remains silent. In all honesty the corruption will never end until the Dominican republic does a complete reformation of the government.
Corruption is linked to a sharp increase in drug trafficking, as the Dominican Republic has become a major transit point for drug shipments from South America to the United States.
Measures to increase government transparency are .
Corruption Index in Dominican Republic averaged Points from until , reaching an all time high of 35 Points in and a record low of 26 Points in The Corruption Perceptions Index ranks countries and territories based on how corrupt their public sector is perceived to be.
Amnesty also charged that Dominican police are widely viewed as corrupt and ineffective – in many cases, working in league with criminals. Reportedly, the Santo Domingo government has fired thousands of officers in recent years, in a stark admission of widespread corruption among the force.
Meanwhile, killings continue to rise in the . Corruption is a major ongoing issue in the country and as the saying goes, “money talks.” Transparency International is an organization that tracks public sector corruption in different countries.